Deep Vein Thrombosis and Swelling


 

A Cure Before Death: The Deep Vein Thrombosis Crisis

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is an abnormal condition that occurs when a blood clot (thrombus) forms in a deep area of your body, like your muscles, usually in the muscles of the legs. Well over half a million people present new cases of DVT each year in the U.S. according to clinical findings. These people are at risk for serious complications, such as death, resulting from pulmonary embolism, when a clot breaks off and lodges into the lungs. Other issues arising from deep vein thrombosis include painful swelling and permanent damage, called post-thrombotic syndrome. Other symptoms of DVT are reported as discoloration of the skin and/or warm skin.

Causes & Risk Factors

Blood clots are formed in multiple ways. Contributing to deep vein thrombosis risk factors:

  • Trauma
  • Bone fracture
  • Pregnancy
  • Surgery
  • Varicose Veins
  • Immobility
  • Cancer
  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • Birth control
  • Family history of blood clots
  • Obesity
  • Age (over 60)
  • Type A blood group

Diagnosing DVT is done by inspecting the extremities for common risk factors and using technology to find possible blood clots in the deep tissues. After a complete family history evaluation and physical examination, our vascular team uses top-of-the-line, minimally invasive techniques to formulate a proper diagnosis:

  • Blood Test
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) 
  • Venography
  • Computed Tomography Scan (CT Scan) 
  • Ultrasound

Prevention 

You can avoid developing blood clots by:

  • Exercising regularly
  • Supporting proper circulation by avoiding prolonged periods of inactivity
  • Smoking cessation
  • Losing weight
  • Following a proper diet
  • Taking prescribed medications as directed (usually blood thinners)

Treatment 

Deep vein thrombosis treatment seeks to stop or remove existing blood clots and then prevent future blood clots from forming:

Compression stockings – reduces swelling in the legs, increases circulation, and prevents or decrease blood clot formation

Thrombolytics– these clot-busting medications are administered via IV or catheter and dissolve clots in a matter of days

Blood Thinners – there are various anticoagulant medications on the market (like heparin and warfarin), that reduce the size of the blood clots and the risk of developing them

Vena Cava Filter– a filter is placed in the largest vein in your abdomen, the vena cava, that leads to your heart from the lower body. This is useful in stopping embolisms from lodging into the lungs for patients who are unable to undergo medication therapy

Location
FRONTIER MEDICAL CARE
9101 4th Avenue
Bay Ridge

Brooklyn, NY 11209
Phone: 718-504-5750
Fax: 718-630-1115
Office Hours

Get in touch

718-504-5750