Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are misshapen, enlarged veins that show underneath the surface of the skin. Research shows that a little over 1/3 of the U.S. population develops varicose veins. Veins like these are weakened and swollen from aging, forming a cluster of blue and purple veins, sometimes surrounded by tiny red spider veins.

Peripheral Artery Disease

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD), also recognized as Peripheral vascular disease (PVD), is the narrowing of the blood vessels responsible for carrying blood to your extremities.

Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is an abnormal condition that occurs when a blood clot (thrombus) forms in a deep area of your body, like your muscles, usually in the muscles of the legs. Well over half a million people present new cases of DVT each year in the U.S. according to clinical findings. 

Sick and Tired of Varicose Veins? Get Rid of Them for Good

Varicose veins are misshapen, enlarged veins that show underneath the surface of the skin. Research shows that a little over 1/3 of the U.S. population develop varicose veins. Veins like these are weakened and swollen from aging, forming a cluster of blue and purple veins, sometimes surrounded by tiny red spider veins. The main issue with varicose veins is their unappealing appearance, but other times they can implement a larger vascular problem. Most varicose veins present in the lower extremities due to the constant gravitational pull while walking. Some patients have reported physical symptoms such as leg fatigue, brown discoloration at the ankles, tinging, itching, burning sensation, throbbing pain, internal bleeding, ulcers, blood clots, and cramps after prolonged periods of rest. 

Causes and Risk Factors

The exact cause of varicose veins is not fully known, but the following are likely contributing factors:

  • Pregnancy
  • Increasing age
  • Immobility
  • Gender (more prevalent in women)
  • Family History of varicose veins
  • Obesity
  • Vein Trauma or Injury
  • Hormone therapy
  • Personal history of blood clots
Diagnosis

Varicose veins are easy to notice with a visual examination. After a complete family history evaluation and physical examination to detect swelling and pain, the following non-invasive procedure may be ordered to discover or rule-out any evidence of blood clots: 

ULTRASOUND
Prevention

There are many lifestyle changes that can reduce your risk of developing varicose veins as you age:

  • Get in plenty of exercise to boost blood circulation
  • Excess weight causes excess strain on your vessels so eat a proper diet to combat adipose buildup.
  • Elevate your lower extremities while at rest but don’t sit or stand in one spot for too long.
  • Don’t wear tight clothes that constrict your groin, legs, and waist.
  • Crossing your legs may inhibit good blood flow to the extremities.
Treatment

Treatment for varicose veins is simple, effective, and minimally invasive to make your varicose veins less visible:

Compression stockings – reduces swelling in the legs, increases circulation, and prevents or decreases blood clot formation

Laser vein treatment- pulsed dye lasers (PDLs) use light to close off the vein, causing it to disappear as it heals.

Sclerotherapy – injects a solution that closes the vein, causing them to fade within a month.

Phlebectomy – veins are removed through tiny skin punctures; the area is numbed and scarring is minimal.

Treatment for this condition is done in

Our vascular center, Frontier Medical Care

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