Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD), also recognized as Peripheral vascular disease (PVD), is the narrowing of the blood vessels responsible for carrying blood to your extremities. When this happens, your legs generally suffer the most with the development of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), deep vein thrombosis (DVT), or varicose veins. Leg pain is the predominant symptom with or without claudication, as well as loss of pulse in feet, fungal infections of the toes, numbness or weakness in leg muscles, immobility and more. Complications from this disease can lead to ulcers, gangrene, non-healing wounds, amputation, heart attack and stroke (due to atherosclerosis). PAD affects more than 10 million people in the U.S., making it the most prevalent vascular issue amongst patients we treat.
The most common cause of peripheral artery disease is
Risk factors involved include
PAD is often detected through various non-invasive techniques. After a complete family history evaluation and physical examination, our vascular team uses top-of-the-line, minimally invasive techniques to formulate a proper diagnosis:
Be proactive against PAD by:
To restore blood flow, our interventional radiologists will perform one of the following Minimally invasive surgeries:
Angioplasty – a tiny catheter is threaded through to the constricted blood vessel where a balloon inflates the area, allowing for placement of a wire mesh stent to prevent closure of the artery
Atherectomy – a tiny catheter is used with a surgical blade attached to scrape away the obstructing plaque
Bypass surgery – surgeons create an alternate pathway for blood to flow properly by attaching a synthetic graft, made of fabric, or a grafted blood vessel from another part of the body.
Thrombolysis – a tiny catheter is used to transport a clot dissolving drug to the impaired blood vessel
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